If all non-surgical treatment methods such as injection, physical therapy, drug therapy have been applied, but your complaints do not go away, your doctor will recommend Knee Replacement surgery. this is because your knee joint is impaired, painful and restricted in movement, and there is no possibility of recovery without surgery. There are many factors that cause the application of knee prosthesis. Arthrosis/Osteoarthritis (joint calcification) is the most common reason for knee replacement surgery. Many people also have a misalignment. In these positions, the cartilage tissue covering the ends of the bones is worn out and disappears completely after a while, the bones rub against each other and change shape in the bone tissue, causing restriction of joint movements and severe pain. Other causes of knee joint deterioration can be rheumatoid arthritis, knee fractures and dislocations, prolonged extreme sports activities, and hard work. Some people may be inherited to develop joint calcification.
Knee replacement surgery takes between 45 and 90 minutes. The surgery begins with an incision made in the front of your knee joint. your damaged tissues are removed and the Prosthesis in appropriate sizes is placed with special bone cement or covered with a special coating that covers them. After this procedure is completed, it is determined that the knee joint can perform its normal movements, and the operation is terminated.
Your surgery will be performed in the form of spinal or epidural anesthesia or by putting you to sleep under general anesthesia, and the most appropriate type of anesthesia will be decided after evaluating your general health condition.
On the next day of the surgery, the patient will be lifted up with the support of a walker or crutches and exercises will be started in the presence of a physiotherapist. After the operation, you will be taken to your home after 4 days under normal conditions. Your walking with the support of crutches will be completed in 2-4 weeks, and your doctor will accept you in the practice for your first control 2 weeks after the surgery.